The cyanogenic glycosides, the following outlined as glycosidic derivatives of iX-hydroxynitriles, symbolize a slightly restricted type of normal items, that are greatly disbursed within the plant state and, to a small ex tent, even in animals. A attribute characteristic of those glycosides is their skill to unlock hydrocyanic acid on remedy with dilute acids or applicable enzymes. The time period "cyanogenic" is used to designate this estate, whether natural ingredients, vegetation, or animals, are serving because the resource. within the latter instances the time period "cyanophoric" is sometimes hired synonymously. Cyanogenesis in vegetation used to be most likely first chanced on by means of SCHRADER in 1803 (Io3) operating with sour almonds. In 1830, ROBIQUET and BOUTRON-CHARLARD (IOO) succeeded in separating the dad or mum glycoside, particularly amygdalin. through the years, a complete of 18 cyanogenic glycosides were remoted and characterised kind of thoroughly (Table I, p. 76). will probably be famous that most of those compounds has been remoted within the period of classical natural chemistry and that development in .discovering new compounds, let alone new structural varieties, has been unusually sluggish. it truly is worthy remembering the following that the mechanism ·of cyanogenesis has been validated in basic terms within the minority of identified cyanogenic species. The cyanogenic glycosides have final been reviewed in 1958 through DILLE MANN (36). on account that then, no whole studies during this box have seemed. it's the function of the current article to survey the newer advert vances and, optimistically, to stimulate persisted curiosity in those fascinating .compounds.
Read or Download Fortschritte der Chemie Organischer Naturstoffe / Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products (English and German Edition) PDF
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